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July 13, 2016

1 ESDRA and 2 ESDRA

by Leslie John

Leslie M. John

Apocryphal books are considered as forgery books namely Gospel of Thomas, etc. The content of these books are Gnostic and purely heretic. Apocryphal stories are false and spurious.

1 ESDRAS [1]

Some unknown author attempted to add text of the last two chapters of 2 Chronicles and the last two chapters of Nehemiah to the Book of Ezra along with a fictitious story. The story was about three young courtiers debating as to what is the strongest thing or strongest one in the world. The first courtier argues that it is the vine; the second one argues that it is the king, and the third argues that God is the strongest one. The Persian King before whom the debate was held awards to Zerubbabel, who was the third courtier, much lured prize of rebuilding Jerusalem.

2 ESDRAS [2]

An unknown author edited the Jewish revelations of the ultimate divine purpose, which seemed to have been written, as some say in Greek, and as some say in Hebrew and translated into Latin. The book is missing its roots in Septuagint manuscripts, and therefore, Greek text is not available to anyone. The contents of the book largely deal with dialogue between Ezra the scribe and the angels about the evil and afflictions of Israel. It corroborates the view that this book is a fictitious work written to encourage Jews who suffered destruction in AD 70 at the hands of Titus. A fantastic story that three-headed eagle, symbolic of Roman Empire, which would finally be destroyed by a roaring lion, symbolic of Messiah, found its way into this book. Martin Luther omitted the two books of Esdras from his German Bible and so did the Roman Catholic Church at the council of Trent in 1516.

HOW THE BIBLE CAME TO US

[1] “1 Esdras”, Apocrypha. KJV Bible, 1611 Ed. n.d. Web[05 May, 2015]

[2] “2 Esdras”, Apocrypha. KJV Bible, 1611 Ed. n.d. Web[05 May, 2015]

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